Jesus set up the whole thing right down to the last detail to fulfill His Father’s plan, which was to initiate the New Covenant so that we could receive salvation as a free gift. It’s called The Last Supper and was part of the Passover. Jesus was arrested, tried, executed and died before sunset on Friday. It was the last legitimate celebration of Passover with His chosen12 in the month of Nissan, the first month of the Jewish calendar. Luke wrote about this around 63 AD, and it happened around 33 AD.
There was a long preparation for this supper. Peter and John were to take the lamb to slaughter and pour the blood on the altar. Unleavened bread was used because it would never spoil. The wine that was used was diluted with water. The Passover lasted for 7 days. Thursday night was called the Fast of the Firstborn.
Jesus goes willingly to the cross. . .the innocent dies for the guilty. Innocent lambs (animals) were sacrificed for the sins of the guilty. We prepare ourselves to partake of the communion. It is a sacred moment symbolic of Christ’s death on the cross for our sins. A time for us to remember that Christ died for us, and that He will come again to take us up to heaven with Him.
Trouble arose in the upper room at the last supper. The presence of Judas who was to betray Christ; the disciples argued about who would be the greatest. Jesus washed the feet of the disciples and Peter wasn’t happy about that until Christ told him that he could be no part of Him unless Jesus washed his feet. Jesus gave his disciples warnings and promises. He didn’t point fingers when He told them one would betray Him. They all said surely not I Lord. Also that Peter would deny Him 3 times, which Peter strongly disagreed with.
The Passover is a spring festival commemorating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. They celebrate with a special meal which has specific steps beginning with a prayer of thanks. They drink 4 cups of a diluted wine during the meal. The first cup is the Cup of Blessing. Then hands are washed for cleansing. The Eating of the Bitter Herbs. These are pieces of bread dipped into a dip of herbs like horseradish and romaine lettuce. Then another cup of wine, the meal proper, a third cup of wine, the singing or chanting of the Hallel from Psalms 112-118, and another cup of wine. This is a long, detailed, ritualistic event. Just the beginning of a process which allows us to have the law written on our hearts and our sins forgiven. Using the emblems of the Passover meal, Jesus institutes the Lord's Supper, which reminds us of His atoning work.
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